It's Entirely Possible That Kylie Jenner Never Learned How To Wear A Coat

Thank Gucci the weather is mild in Southern California.

Today we are discussing whether or not teenage makeup wearer Kylie Jenner understands the mechanisms of wearing a coat.

Today we are discussing whether or not teenage makeup wearer Kylie Jenner understands the mechanisms of wearing a coat.

We hope a closer look at the evidence will satisfy the question, "Does Kylie Jenner know how to wear coats?" / Via Kylie Jenner

Exhibit A: No.

Exhibit A: No.

Overwhelmed by the intricate process of wearing a coat, Kylie Jenner does her best impression of a coatrack, hoping it will trick onlookers. / Via Kylie Jenner

Exhibit B: Not really.

Exhibit B: Not really.

Here Kylie Jenner manages to get her arms into the sleeves — a huge improvement — still, the coat hangs off of her like a drugged-up python. / Via Kylie Jenner

Exhibit C: Still no.

Exhibit C: Still no.

Kylie Jenner attempts to distract onlookers from her coat inadequacies by gesturing to her hair. It doesn't work. / Via Kylie Jenner

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A Mindset "Revolution" Sweeping Britain's Classrooms May Be Based On Shaky Science

Michael Jordan didn’t make his high school basketball team in 1978. He went on to become the greatest player in the game’s history. This is what he says about failure: “I've missed more than 9,000 shots in my career. I've lost almost 300 games. Twenty-six times, I've been trusted to take the game-winning shot and missed. I've failed over and over and over again in my life. And that is why I succeed.”

According to a theory that has swept education in the last few years, Jordan has what psychologists call a “growth mindset”. He believes that even if you can’t do something initially, you can improve your abilities, whether they involve basketball or maths or playing the oboe, through hard work. “I can accept failure,” he said. “Everyone fails at something. But I can't accept not trying.”

Psychologists say the growth mindset is contrasted to a “fixed mindset” – the belief that your skills are innate, genetically endowed and fixed. Someone with a fixed mindset, according to the theory, would look at a maths problem they couldn’t do, and think, I can’t do that, I’m not gifted at maths. They might give up. But someone with a growth mindset might apparently think, I just haven’t learnt enough maths to do that; I’ll learn some more and try again. They will keep trying in the face of difficulty – believing they can improve to meet challenges.

These ideas, known as mindset theory, have been described as a “revolution which is reshaping education”. Proponents say you can instil a growth mindset in a child through simple measures – notably, by praising them for how hard they work to achieve something, rather than for what they achieve – with impressive results.

It has garnered an enthusiastic following, with techniques marketed by a variety of training companies. Children in British schools make “mindset” posters to show the difference between the two states of mind, and hundreds of schools in the UK and US offer mindset programmes. NASA looks for, and tries to instil, a growth mindset in its top engineers, saying that fixed-mindset people feel “threatened by the success of others” and “plateau early and achieve less than their full potential”, while growth-mindset people “find inspiration” in others’ success and reach “ever higher levels of achievement”. Google looks for a growth mindset in new hires. The Harvard Business Review offers tips for how companies “can profit from a growth mindset”.

Michael Jordan (centre), who – according to Carol Dweck – is an example of a sportsperson with a "growth mindset".

Brent Smith

The concept is largely based on the research of Stanford professor Carol Dweck, whose book Mindset has sold over a million copies. A new edition was out on 12 January.

Dweck said in a talk to Google that she has worked with a US baseball team, asking them, for example, what they’d have to change about their approach if they became more successful. Some answered that they'd have to get used to playing in front of larger crowds. But others said they'd have to “take all my skills to a new level”, thus showing the growth mindset, according to Dweck.

She has made some eye-catching claims for the effects of the theory. Her website claims that a fixed mindset caused the Enron scandal, while a growth mindset can encourage cooperation between Israelis and Palestinians. “Almost every truly great athlete – Michael Jordan, Jackie Joyner-Kersee, Tiger Woods, Mia Hamm, Pete Sampras – has had a growth mindset,” she believes.

Dweck says that people with a fixed mindset “are so concerned with being and looking talented that they never realise their full potential” and “when faced with setbacks, run away … make excuses, they blame others, they make themselves feel better by looking down on those who have done worse”. By contrast, a growth mindset “fosters a healthier attitude toward practice and learning, a hunger for feedback, a greater ability to deal with setbacks”.

But some statisticians and psychologists are increasingly worried that mindset theory is not all it claims to be. The findings of Dweck’s key study have never been replicated in a published paper, which is noteworthy in so high-profile a work. One scientist told BuzzFeed News that his attempt to reproduce the findings has so far failed. An investigation found several small but revealing errors in the study that may require a correction.

Dweck has been quick to explain and correct the mistakes – earning praise from the scientist who pointed them out – and denies that a failure to replicate her work is an indicator that the findings are shaky.

One of her first and most influential studies on the subject, authored with Claudia Mueller in 1998, claimed to find that teaching a growth mindset made children more likely to take on difficult challenges. One hundred and twenty-eight children took an intelligence test. They were all told that they had scored more than 80%, and that this was a high score. A third of them were then told “You must have worked hard at these problems” - to supposedly instil a growth mindset - another third were told “You must be smart at these problems”, and the rest were left as a control and given no further feedback.

All were then given a choice of further tests to do: either ones described as “problems that are pretty easy, so I’ll do well” or “problems that I’ll learn a lot from, even if I won’t look so smart”. Children who were praised as “smart” overwhelmingly opted for the easy problems; children praised as hard-working overwhelmingly chose the harder ones; the control group was evenly split. Similarly, when children were given another, harder test, those who had been praised as smart reported enjoying the challenging questions less than the children praised as hard-working.

The study has been hugely influential in social psychology – it has been cited by more than 1,200 other papers – and mindset theory has had a profound impact on business hiring practices and educational policy. A blog post on the British government website recommends hiring for growth mindset. Bill Gates has reviewed Dweck’s book in glowing terms. The University of Portsmouth got a £300,000 grant to carry out a mindset study on 6,000 British pupils this year, while educational bodies across Britain – including in Camden, Scotland, and Essex – want teachers to encourage a growth mindset in their children.

But the striking effects in Dweck’s findings have surprised psychologists. Timothy Bates, a professor of psychology at the University of Edinburgh, told BuzzFeed News that the “big effects, monstrous effects” that Dweck has found in the 1998 study and others are “strange – it’s an odd one to me”.

Scott Alexander, the pseudonymous psychiatrist behind the blog Slate Star Codex, described Dweck’s findings as “really weird”, saying “either something is really wrong here, or [the growth mindset intervention] produces the strongest effects in all of psychology”.

He asks: “Is growth mindset the one concept in psychology which throws up gigantic effect sizes … Or did Carol Dweck really, honest-to-goodness, make a pact with the Devil in which she offered her eternal soul in exchange for spectacular study results?”

Recently, other high-profile social psychology findings have come into question. The most prominent is the “power pose”, the idea that adopting assertive poses can make you more willing to take risks and even change your hormone levels. A TED talk on the subject by one of the study’s authors has been viewed 37 million times. But Andrew Gelman, a professor at the Applied Statistics Center at Columbia University and one of the most highly respected statisticians in the field, pointed out last year that the study was riddled with poor statistical practice, and one of its co-authors has recently admitted that she doesn’t think the supposed effects are real. In 2012, Daniel Kahneman, one of the pioneers of social psychology, wrote an open letter to his colleagues warning of a “train wreck” approaching the field if they didn’t improve its statistical practice.

Bates told BuzzFeed News that he has been trying to replicate Dweck’s findings in that key mindset study for several years. “We’re running a third study in China now,” he said. “With 200 12-year-olds. And the results are just null.

“People with a growth mindset don’t cope any better with failure. If we give them the mindset intervention, it doesn’t make them behave better. Kids with the growth mindset aren’t getting better grades, either before or after our intervention study.”

Carol Dweck's TED talk, "The power of believing that you can improve".

Dweck told BuzzFeed News that attempts to replicate can fail because the scientists haven’t created the right conditions. “Not anyone can do a replication,” she said. “We put so much thought into creating an environment; we spend hours and days on each question, on creating a context in which the phenomenon could plausibly emerge.

“Replication is very important, but they have to be genuine replications and thoughtful replications done by skilled people. Very few studies will replicate done by an amateur in a willy-nilly way.”

Nick Brown, a PhD student in psychology at the University of Groningen in the Netherlands, is sceptical of this: “The question I have is: If your effect is so fragile that it can only be reproduced [under strictly controlled conditions], then why do you think it can be reproduced by schoolteachers?”

Using a statistical method he developed called Granularity-Related Inconsistency of Means or GRIM, Brown has tested whether means (averages) given for data in the 1998 study were mathematically possible.

It works like this: Imagine you have three children, and want to find how many siblings they have, on average. Finding an average, or mean, will always involve adding up the total number of siblings and dividing by the number of children – three. So the answer will always either be a whole number, or will end in .33 (a third) or .67 (two thirds). If there was a study that looked at three children and found they had, on average, 1.25 siblings, it would be wrong – because you can’t get that answer from the mean of three whole numbers.

Google has included "mindset" thinking in its hiring practices.

Mark Blinch / Reuters

People Can't Stop Laughing At This Girl Who Painted Her Nails The Same Colour As Ham

Alina Marie Reyes is a 19-year-old from Riverside, California, who is looking to enter the makeup industry.

A week ago Alina was talking with co-workers at a pizza shop and noticed that the toppings of a nearby pizza matched her nails.

"I decided to joke around and take 'aesthetically pleasing' photos of my nails; without realising, my milkshake also matched my nails," she told BuzzFeed News.

Soon, Alina's workmates were telling her to take photos and post them on Twitter. Which brings us to this:

The hand in shot is Alina's, decorated with lovely pink nail polish and, yes, she is holding three slices of ham.

"I posted these photos and tweeted them as a joke," said Alina. "Suddenly it escalated to hundreds of retweets within the first hour... Yesterday I began getting tagged in comments all over my social media."

Then came the questions - mostly about the ham.

Alina said she found the ham at work and noticed it matched her nails. She was unable to confirm the number of slices used in her photo.

These Photos Of Older LGBTI Women Celebrate Breaking Beauty Norms

A new campaign featuring images of older lesbian, bisexual, and transgender women will help increase cancer screening rates, BreastScreen Victoria hopes.

A new campaign featuring images of older lesbian, bisexual, and transgender women will help increase cancer screening rates, BreastScreen Victoria hopes.

"Beautiful LGBTI women show their strength and kindness." – Barbara

Lisa White

The portraits of the women, taken by photographer Lisa White, will be displayed during Melbourne's Midsumma Festival in January. The exhibit, Beautiful LGBTI Women, aims to challenge norms of femininity and perfection.

The exhibit is also part of a long-term strategy at BreastScreen Victoria to earn Rainbow Tick certification, using the portraits in advertising material to encourage more women from the LGBTI community to get screened.

The women in the photographs are aged from 26 to 76, but most fall into the 50 to 74 age group. Women in the latter demographic are advised to get screened every two years. Screening is not effective for women under 40.

"I love finding moments to celebrate my own diverse personality. To me, that’s beautiful." – Natasha

Lisa White

Photographer Lisa White told BuzzFeed News she spent time with the subjects before taking pictures to get them at ease.

"We sat around the studio's kitchen table drinking tea and coffee, and chatting. When it was time, myself and one of the beautiful women would pop into the studio to take the shot. I shoot fast like a wild western cowgirl – only without the outfit!" she said.

"I look for a moment of trust when their guard is down and only then will I shutter the shot."

Maura Conneely from BreastScreen Victoria said research shows targeted campaigns are necessary to reach LGBTI women.

"A lot of [these women] talked about invisibility," she said. "If we have posters and brochures and images on our website, and they go to these things and don't see themselves, they might think these messages are not for them."

"For me beauty is finding your authenticity and the courage to express it." – Angela

Lisa White

A 2015 paper published in the Women's Health Issues journal found heterosexual women were significantly more likely to conduct self-breast exams (54.4% versus 46.8%) and to have mammograms (96.8% versus 93.1%) than lesbian and bisexual women.

Lesbian and bisexual women were more likely to have never had a mammogram compared with heterosexual women (6.9% versus 3.2%) and to have never had a pap smear (4.7% versus 1.7%).

Lesbian and bisexual women are also more likely to be high-risk drinkers and heavy smokers than heterosexual women, factors which increase the risk of developing breast cancer.

Past bad experiences with health services – ranging from overt discrimination to assumptions about gender, sexual orientation and activity – is one reason for low rates of screening among lesbian, bisexual and transgender women.

"When a woman walks in the door to a health service she brings with her all of her past experiences, good and bad," Conneely said. "You think, 'I just want to go somewhere I am understood. Where staff don't make those kind of assumptions.'"

"For me, beautiful LGBTI women means revealing an essence of freedom that is internal and external."

Lisa White

Discrimination and misunderstandings in health services are particularly rife when it comes to transgender people.

Conneely said BreastScreen Victoria would embark on a pilot program to train staff to ensure transgender patients are treated appropriately: "The staff will understand and be as experienced and knowledgable as possible. Nobody is going to freak out, or say, 'I don't know anything about that', or, 'That's not part of our service'. Because it is."

She added that there is much more information needed on breast cancer screening for transgender people. For instance, how taking oestrogen may affect the time at which a woman should start regular screenings, or the risks for transgender men who have had chest surgery.

"To me beautiful LGBTI women means gorgeous, androgynous, butch women who are proudly lesbian." – Anneke

Lisa White

Dr Catherine Barrett is the director of Celebrate Ageing, a collaborator on the Beautiful LGBTI Women project. She told BuzzFeed News the project would empower and celebrate older LGBT women.

"There aren’t enough celebrations of the contributions that LGBTI women have made to redefining the concept of female beauty, to redefining women’s roles," she said.

"If you think of the whole Stepford Wives concept – where people are born allocated male or female – (then) if you’re allocated female, you’re expected to look and behave in particular ways. LGBTI women have redefined that, beyond the butch-femme binary; there is a whole range of ways LGBTI women have expressed their sexuality and gender.

"I think it’s incredibly important that we’re challenging the notion that beauty is equated with youth."

This Drag King's David Bowie Looks Are Incredible

Because you can never have enough Bowie in your life.

This is 28-year-old drag king Nikki Boudreau, and she has some pretty damn impressive David Bowie looks up her sleeve.

Instagram: @jean_genie_drag

Nikki, who lives in California, did her first drag performance a couple of weeks after Bowie died early last year.

Instagram: @jean_genie_drag

"Bowie's death felt very personal to me like it did for a lot of people," she told BuzzFeed. "His music has been a big part of my life for years."

Instagram: @jean_genie_drag

Most of her looks are from the early-to-mid '70s, but she also does a mean version of the Goblin King from the '80s.

Instagram: @jean_genie_drag

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People Are Inspired By This Random Facebook Friendship Between Two Men With The Same Name

Two men, two continents. Too pure.

British Anthony pulled up some of their conversations — from the very beginning, when the other Anthony first messaged him, and said simply, "Hello namesake."

British Anthony pulled up some of their conversations — from the very beginning, when the other Anthony first messaged him, and said simply, "Hello namesake."

As you can see, the exchanges are brief and cordial. Mostly about how "blessed" the two are for sharing a "good name."

Holly Freeman

Over the months, the Anthonys have been making small talk about their local weather and politics, while sending each other well wishes. Holly was amused by it all, but ultimately thinks "it's a good friendship" they've built.

Over the months, the Anthonys have been making small talk about their local weather and politics, while sending each other well wishes. Holly was amused by it all, but ultimately thinks "it"s a good friendship" they"ve built.

"It's just so laid-back and so friendly," she added.

Holly Freeman

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This Entire City Is Made Out Of Ice And It Will Blow Your Mind

This place is pretty cool. PUN INTENDED.

The Harbin Ice and Snow Festival is literally a winter wonderland, or where I imagine that chick from Frozen would live happily.

The Harbin Ice and Snow Festival is literally a winter wonderland, or where I imagine that chick from Frozen would live happily.

Cancan Chu / Getty Images



Cancan Chu / Getty Images

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